What has become of the major advances in the establishment of social and human rights across Latin America? These advances were fuelled by the active participation of popular social movements and philanthropy, yet now so much appears to have been lost. Through either electoral defeats or controversial impeachment processes, reformist governments across the continent have been replaced by a wave of neoliberal and conservative governments, quickly halting all those advancements and achievements.
How could this have happened? How can this shift of the pendulum be explained? And what part can social movements and philanthropy play in this story?
An era of reform
Over the course of three decades spanning from 1988 to 2018, progressive governments in Latin America supported action from human rights groups and social movements. And during those same decades, when faced with political and economic crises, these same groups provided grassroots support in overcoming these issues.