Bearing the brunt of the refugee crisis are Syria’s neighbours. In Jordan, a particular set of problems apply because of the large numbers of women and children among the refugees there.
Syrian refugees have arrived in Jordan since early 2012 and three camps were built to accommodate them near Jordan's capital Amman. However, nearly 80 per cent of the refugees live outside the camps in private housing in cities and villages. The gender composition of Syrian refugees in Jordan contrasts with the situation in Europe. According to UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) data, 78.5 per cent are women and children under 18 years of age as opposed to 42 per cent in Europe.
Under these conditions it is crucial to consider gender and age as key criteria when determining the appropriate responses and interventions. A gender lens in analysis of the refugee situation reveals stark differences and major problems.