Funding a university centre is a risky endeavour for all parties. Donors usually have less control over the results than in other cases and the university takes the risk that future costs will have to be covered through its own budget. The creation of the Center for Philanthropy Studies (CEPS) at the University of Basel offers some insights on how to create, and plan for the sustainable existence of, an institute with initial funds from foundations.
In 2007, SwissFoundations, the Swiss association of grantmaking foundations, sent a request for proposals to four Swiss universities, inviting them to apply for funding to set up a centre for foundations and philanthropy.
The idea was to create a central institution for interdisciplinary research on philanthropy that would encourage and increase both the gathering of knowledge and putting into practice. The initial grant was CHF2.5 million for five years, allowing for the financing of a professor and two assistant positions. Six foundations, all members of SwissFoundations, participated in the funding. The universities were selected on the basis of previous research and teaching activities in the field of philanthropy.
The idea was to create a central institution for interdisciplinary research on philanthropy that would encourage and increase both the gathering of knowledge and putting into practice.
After six months, two universities provided a submission with a business plan, research agenda and the commitments they were prepared to make. A jury of foundation representatives selected the University of Basel.
In November 2008, CEPS was officially inaugurated as part of the faculty of business and economics and started with an assistant professor and two collaborators. The donors and the university agreed to conduct an evaluation after two years based on university standard procedures.
As a result of this evaluation, the university decided to create a chair on foundation management for the director position of the centre. Additionally, SwissFoundations organized a second consortium of nine foundations for a second grant of CHF2.5 million for another five years.
Today, CEPS is in the middle of this second phase. Twenty per cent of the budget comes from the university, 40 per cent from foundation grants, and another 40 per cent from the centre’s own revenues. In other words, the centre has moved from 100 per cent foundation funding to a sustainable mixture of revenue streams.
Currently, 15 collaborators work in fields of research, lectures, executive training and coaching. CEPS has increased the understanding and operations of the philanthropic sector in Switzerland through publications such as the Swiss Foundation Report – together with University of Zurich and SwissFoundations – and earned a high reputation in both research and practice.
Looking back, many factors in the selection and organization contributed to this success. First of all, the fact that SwissFoundations took the lead brought a lot of convening power to the initiative and opened the doors to the future funders and supporters of CEPS.
The request for proposals opened up a competition between different models. Instead of addressing one university, SwissFoundations demanded a primary commitment through the deans of the universities to participate in the pitch. Two universities declined the request.
In addition, from the application documents, the foundations got a good idea about the research agenda, the organizational structure and the network involved. Finally, the period of selection gave all parties involved enough time to get prepared. At the time of the inauguration, CEPS was ready to work. The first one-week executive training started only four months later.
The request for proposals opened up a competition between different models.
The legal construction of the funding was also important for the centre’s success. SwissFoundations acted as a convenor between the university and the funding foundations. Thus, one contract between SwissFoundations and the university included all aspects of aims, organization, reporting, etc. Based on this contract, the university signed single contracts with every foundation that included only the procedures of payment.
Additionally, representatives of SwissFoundations and funding foundations were included in an advisory board. This arrangement allowed for a clear separation of roles, while different feedback options, regular reports and the evaluations served as trust building activity.
Altogether, establishing CEPS was a major step in the short history of SwissFoundations and also served as a model of collaboration for foundations beyond the field of research. Aspects of competition, clear separation of roles, guarantee of academic freedom, and a long-term commitment served as major success factors.
Professor Georg von Schnurbein is director, Center for Philanthropy Studies (CEPS), University of Basel. Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Beate Eckhardt is CEO, SwissFoundations. Email email@example.com